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Trees and Shrubs

 Choosing the perfect trees and shrubs for your landscape is important. You must decide what purpose they will serve for your particular needs.

  • Shade
  • Privacy
  • Flowering
  • Fast Growing
  • Wind Break
  • Wildlife
  • Fruit
  • Ornamental
  • Small Yard
  • Unique

As you can see there are many purposes that they can serve. Once you determine what your needs are, you have to examine the area in which your going to plant.

What to look for:

  • power lines that may interfere
  • soil conditions
  • climate
  • size of the area
  • closeness to other structures (house, shed, fence, etc.)

With this information at hand you will be more prepared when choosing and buying. This list categorizes POPULAR TREES by the purpose they can serve. This LIST OF SHRUBS is categorized alike.

PLANTING

Before planting it is not necessary to amend the soil. Trees and shrubs come balled and burlapped, potted, or bare root.

For balled and burlapped stock, the depth of the hole should allow the crown to sit just above ground level. Place the ball gently into the hole. The burlap can be left in place or removed. Fill in dirt making a moat around the base and water thoroughly.

For potted stock remove the plant from the container by squeezing the sides. Loosen the roots by making vertical cuts near the base. The depth of the hole should allow the crown to be a couple inches above ground level. Fill with dirt making a moat around the base and water thoroughly.

For bare-root stock the planting procedure is the same except for you don't have to make vertical cuts. Bare-root stock is usually shipped in a wood mulch.

Young trees and shrubs are susceptible to trunk damage caused by weather conditions or animals. Trunks can be protected by using a plastic sleeve around them. Staking the trunks isn't necessary unless it appears to be in danger. If you do need to use stakes, be sure to allow room for the trunk to move so that the bark will not damage.

It is also a good idea to remove at least two feet of sod from around the base of the trunk to prevent damage that could be caused when mowing the grass around it. It also looks nicer.

PRUNING

The important thing to keep in mind when you are pruning young trees and shrubs is that you want to maintain their natural shape.

Prune shrubs to control growth, thin out branches, and promote blooming.

Most pruning should be done while the plant is dormant in early spring. However, pruning may be needed in the summer to control the growth. If the shrub flowers in early spring, you should prune right after it blooms.

Young trees can be "trained" to form a nice, natural shape as they grow.

What to prune:

  • small branches that sprout from the base of trunk
  • branches that criss-cross one another
  • branches that grow down or inwards toward the trunk
  • trees that have one central trunk, prune competitive branches
  • dead or broken branches

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