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Composting

The best gardens are rich in organic materials. Over time, your plants consumes the rich nutrients present in the soil. Those nutrients need to be replaced for future crops. The best way to do that is organically, by adding lots of rich garden compost on a regular basis.

Every gardener should maintain an active compost program for their garden. There are many ways to do this. The simplest way, is to create a compost pile in the back of the yard,. Pile up yard waste and organic material. Over time, nature will decompose the material in your compost pile into the rich organic matter your plants, all plants, love.You can speed up the process, by keeping the compost pile moist, and by turning the pile from time to time.

A lot of gardeners decide to buy a  compost bin or a composter. There is a wide variety of compost tumblers and compost bins to choose from.on the market. There are many reasons to buy a composter. First, they are attractive and a neat way to store and compost organic matter for your garden.  A simple compost pile in the backyard can be unsightly. Second, they decompose the material much faster. Third, they keep insects and critters out of the compost pile. Moles, voles, mice, and other pests can find food to eat, or a place to nest in an open pile.

More on Composters


The key ingredients to successful composting are:

  1. The right mix of materials containing Nitrogen (Greens) and Carbon(Browns). See What to Compost

  2. Micro-organisms - microbes and bacterias that break down materials

  3. Air need for microorganisms to thrive

  4. Moisture - needed by microorgaisms

  5. Temperature - A cold pile doesn't decompose


What to put in your compost pile:

You can put just about any organic matter into your compost pile. Include things like:

  • Kitchen scraps(not meats or grease or fats)

  • Weeds pulled from your garden

  • Grass clippings - mix these in, or they can clump together

  • leaves

  • straw

  • wood chips, branches and stems.

  • Dead flower and vegetable plants after the season is over

Tip: When putting branches and stems into your compost pile, the more they are cut up, the quicker they will decompose.

For a detailed list on what to compost, and what NOT to compost, see: What to Compost

Compost Tea is a great liquid fertilizer. Organic gardeners love it. And, your plants love it, too. You can stop buying liquid fertilizers, and use easy to make compost tea. Find out how to make Compost Tea.


More Information:

More on Composting

For more on composting, see Composting and Mulch at The Gardener's Network.





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